"New research shows that, aside from trauma, our footwear is most often to blame"
"The cushioning effect of conventional footwear inhibits the sensory stimulus (to the sole of the foot) that is needed to trigger the proper muscle function required to align the bones for optimal stability"
"Rigid soled and enclosed footwear restricts the full foot flexion necessary to manage impact stresses effectively. Rigid soles inhibit natural walking and running dynamics and increase the forces the foot must manage. Shallow toe boxes restrict the natural toe movement required to form a strong stable arch. Tight lacing inhibits the natural raising of the arch in response to increased loads, causing the foot to flatten, which promotes inefficient bone alignment and structural instability that weakens the restricted muscles and causes other muscles to fatigue from overwork."